Abstracts/ Abdor Rauf Afzali

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Abstracts

Rational sciences; essentials and limitations

Ayatullah, Seyed Ali Khamenayi

What follows is the outcome of a speech made by Ayatullah Khamenayi, the dignified leader of the Islamic Revolution for a gathering of scholars of rational sciences from Qom Seminary. Stating the challenges facing the Islamic philosophy in Seminary, he emphasized on the expansion of Islamic philosophy making some remarks about its teaching and studying.

Regarding Islamic philosophy as a tool for attaining gnos,s of God he dectared the extension of Islamic philosophy to political and social spheres as necessary and the weakening of it by finding out a rival for it, as a hostile calculated move.

He considered the term, "rational sciences" as including philosophy, theology and mysticism stressing on the need for establishing a society of Islamic wisdom planning for a rational movement in seminary. In the end, he answered the questions asked.

Keywords: Islamic rational sciences, Islamic philosophy, theology, mysticism, logic, seminary, Mulla Sadra, the society of Islamic wisdom, Western philosophy.

Infinite Chain (Vacuity's infinity)

Abbas A'rifi

After mentioning the literal and terminological meanings of vicious infinity the paper studies first the historical background of infinity from different perspectives and then the impossibility of vicious infinity, a special kind of infinity. It enumerates the conditions (due to the negligence of which Russell considered infinity of numbers as a sound reason for the non-impossibility of philosophical infinity) necessary for the impossibility of infinity.

It also proves that the credit of mean - extreme argument (burahn wasat va taraf) goes back to Aristotle showing that Al-Farabi and Avicenna have not framed it though they and other Muslim philosophers have presented many other arguments to refute infinity, the peak of which is to be the poverty-dependency argument (burhan faqr va rabt) presented by Allama Tabataba'i. Pointing out fifty arguments to refute infinity, the paper treats of only fifteen in detail.

Keywords: vicious infinity, infinite, infinite chain, impossibility, impossibility of infinity, refutation of infinity.

The criterion of being Islamic for sciences

Yarali Kurd Firoozjahi

After pointing out some primary points - including the definition of science and the division of Islamic sciences into Islamic from within and Islamic from without - the paper divides the sciences on methodological basis, into rational, traditional and empirical studying the criteria of being Islamic (from within) in each of these divisions.

Islamic traditional sciences are either those in which the criterion for accepting or rejecting a statement or a theory is a reliable tradition or those, which are simply about Islam and Islamic topics. Though Islamic rational sciences are those in which the ultimate criterion for accepting or rejecting a statement or a theory is reason and argument which are at the same time such that Islam has influenced them either by posing them or by providing their premises. Similarly the Islamic empirical sciences are those on the presentation of whose hypothesis (whose acceptance or rejection must be based on experiment), Islam has an impact.

One can put only that set of problems from each of the above sciences under the heading of "Islamic sciences" about whose subject matter Islam has a say.

Keywords: Islam, science, philosophy of science, empirical sciences, traditional sciences, rational sciences,Islamic science

and a critique of its attitude towards the translation of Greek An philosophy School of Tafkik (Separation)

Introduction to the into Arabic

Husein, Muzaffari

mystical and philosophical anic considers the Qur Mehdi Isfahani The School of Tafkik founded about eighty years ago by Mirza awil (esoteric interpretation) anic understanding from T as different aiming at purifying the Qur mazj methodologies and the results obtained (intermingling) Zarabadi Sayeed Musa Isfahani far and iltiqat (eclecticism). The prominent advocates Sayeed Sheikh of this school are: Mirza Mehdi The Mirza Sayeedan and Ja Sheikh Mujtaba Muhammad Reza Hakimi Mahmood Halabi Jawad Tehrani towards different Qazwini approaches they have problems of Islamic philosophy are different from those of Muslim philosophers. These approaches must be dealt with separately.

They believe the translation of philosophy from Greek into Arabic was a mere conspiracy by the cruel caliphs against the progeny of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon them) and thus they consider it as harmful. Though admitting the ill intention of the caliphs the paper its benefits have been more than its harms. The article answers to after all shows the positive goals of translation concluding that whatever the advocates of the School of Tafkik consider as the negative effects of translation.

philosophy. translation Keywords: the School of Tafkik

Writing an encyclopedia in Iran and the world

Hasan, Tarmi, Rad

The present writing is the outcome of an interview with Hujatul Islam Hasan Tarmi Rad, the scientific assistant of the Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation, on writing encyclopedia and the place of encyclopedias in the scientific fields. The interview covers the following: definition of encyclopedia, a short history of writing encyclopedia, the difference between encyclopedia and dictionary, the encyclopedias,role in introducing and promoting Islamic religion and the culture of the Holy Prophet's progeny (peace be upon them), strategies for promoting the culture of using encyclopedias, the characteristics of a good encyclopedia, the process of writing an encyclopedia, the essentials of writing an encyclopedia and the problems existing, the desired process of selecting the entries, the significance of scientific files, the qualities of an encyclopedic article, conditions of writing an encyclopedia in Iran and the world, the future of the encyclopedias in Iran and the world, the curses of writing an encyclopedia, the success of encyclopedias of Islamic sciences, the need to write an encyclopedia of such subjects and the responsibility of seminaries, the encyclopedias of rational sciences, the role of encyclopedias in software movement in Islamic sciences and the importance of writing an encyclopedia for children and youngsters.

In the end, the paper introduces examples of useful encyclopedias of religion, in particular, Islam.

Keywords: encyclopedia, dictionary, entry, scientific file, writing an encyclopedia, information science.

Compilation of Farhang - Nameh

Sayed Ibrahim Musawi

Compared to encyclopedias there are two kinds of dictionaries in Persian language, of which one is called farhang and the other farhang-nameh which is perhaps the most applied reference for the experts and scholars. Containing information on either a variety of

issues or a particular subject, reference books fall into two categories. Some of the reference books falling under the first category constitute encyclopedias while others dictionaries. Being a middle course between the two and containing simultaneously the advantages of the two, farhang-namah is thus comparatively important.

To compile a farhang-namah which is very useful, is a sever task needing a lot of precision and from the time it came into being until now the range of its use has, in a variety of forms, become wider. Paying attention to a better and more accurate supply, the lexicographers could have offered dictionaries in more various quantities and qualities.

The important points considered in this paper are: the objective of lexicography, the basic components of a farhang-namah, supply and writing methodology, the order of contents, the order of entries, the definition and content of entries and the problems of lexicography.

Keywords: dictionary, farhang-namah, writing methodology, entry, logical order, the end of dictionary, kinds of dictionary.

Writing a large Shi,ite bibliography or the encyclopedia of Shi'ite scholarly works

Reza, Mukhtari

It is inevitably necessity to write down a comprehensive bibliography to introduce all the scholarly works by Shi'ite thinkers. After discussing in detail about writing a large Shi'ite bibliography and its role in defending Shi'ism and introducing it to the world, the paper offers a summary of the project to write the encyclopedia of the Shi'ite scholarly works and the steps taken in this regard.

Considering that one of the objectives of the Rational Sciences quarterly is to introduce encyclopedic centers and large research projects, this paper presents the project of writing a large Shi'ite bibliography that is a new creativity in introducing Shi'ite works.

Keywords: bibliography, Shi'ite bibliography, Scholarly works, Imamism, Shi'ism.

In the Name of Allah

Ma'aref-e `Aqli

A Quarterly Journal of

the Research Centre of the Encyclopedia

of Islamic Intellectual Sciences

Autumn 2005

Publisher: Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute
Address Ma'aref-e `Aqli, Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute, Jomhuri Islami Blvd. Qom, Iran.
P.O.Box 37165 - 4333
Phone (251) 2932328 extension 715 & 720
Fax (251) 2936002
E-mail maaref@qabas.net

Ma'aref-e Aqli, is a quarterly journal on Islamic intellectual sciences, encyclopedia writing and fundamental studies corresponding to the objectives of the Research Centre of the Encyclopedia of Islamic Intellectual Sciences. The domain of this periodical is a large spectrum of basic logical, philosophical, theological, mystical and relevant issues.

The aim of this journal is to safeguard the basic religious Islamic theachings against electic thoughts in some encyclopedias and to pave the way for exchanging of thoughts, and for debates and criticism concerning writing encyclopedias and so forth. We'll welcome your remarks and comments.